Last updated: September 15, 2010
This study guide is ready for Exam 1, Fall 2010
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chemical sedimentary rock
clastic sedimentary rock
Mohs hardness scale
convergent plate boundary
divergent plate boundary
transform plate boundary
Modified Mercalli Scale
Richter magnitude scale
What are the effects of current population and population growth rate on society and earth resources?
What is the world's current population?
What is the current rate of population growth?
At the current rate of growth, how long will it take for the earth's population to double?
What is the difference between silicate and non-silicate minerals?
Name some physical properties which are used to identify minerals.
Name a common mineral from each of the following mineral groups:
Which 3 rock types make up the rock cycle?
How do igneous rocks form?
What is the difference between plutonic and volcanic rocks? which is typically stronger?
How do sedimentary rocks form?
How do metamorphic rocks form?
What is foliation? name 2 foliated rocks
Are the following rocks plutonic, volcanic, sedimentary or metamorphic:
foliated crystalline rocks
List 2 rocks that are composed primarily of the mineral calcite.
What are the differences between lithosphere and asthenosphere?
List several pieces of evidence which support of plate tectonics.
For each of the plate boundaries (divergent, convergent, and transform), know the following:
relative plate motion
presence or absence of volcanic activity
type of volcanic activity (if any)
presence or absence of deep (<100 km) earthquakes
environmental effects as discussed in class
examples discussed in class and text
How fast do tectonic plates move?
focus and epicenter of an EQ
P, S, and surface waves
How are epicenters of EQs located?
What is the difference between the intensity, Richter magnitude, and moment magnitude of an earthquake?
What are typical hazards associated with earthquakes?
Which type of building materials and land are the most/least hazardous during an earthquake?
What type of land is susceptible to liquefaction?
How do tsunami form, how fast do they move offshore, and what are typical tsunami heights onshore?
Areas of concern in the U.S. and the world
How are the following used to predict earthquakes in the short term?
surface tilt, P and S wave velocity, well water depth and radon concentrations
How are the following used to forecast earthquakes in the long term?
seismic gaps, EQ cycle
What are the effects of fluids along faults and how was this observed in Denver, CO?