Geology 102
Exam 4 Study Guide

Last updated:  December 1, 2010

 

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In addition to the vocabulary, figures and concepts below, you are also responsible for all material covered in lecture and all reading assignments listed on the syllabus.  


Vocabulary

porosity
permeability
unsaturated zone
water table
saturated zone
recharge
discharge
aquifer
aquitard
unconfined aquifer
confined aquifer
artesian well
perched water table
cone of depression
subsidence
saltwater intrusion
karst topography

Concepts

What  percentage of unfrozen freshwater is groundwater? 

What is porosity and what is permeability?  

Which earth materials make good aquifers and which make good aquitards

What is a recharge area?

What is the water table and how does groundwater flow? 

What are the differences between a confined, an unconfined, a perched, and an artesian aquifer?

How does the cone of depression form and how does it affect groundwater flow? 

What are some effects of removal of large quantities of groundwater?

What is Karst topography and what type of rock does it most commonly form in? 

Recognize the following Karst features and understand how they form:

    sinkholes
    caves
    stalagmites and stalactites

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